What is Shoulder Stabilization?
A shoulder is considered “unstable” when it frequently dislocates or slips partially out of the joint, a condition known as subluxation. This often develops as a result of a traumatic injury that may stretch or tear ligaments in the shoulder. Shoulder instability can cause pain and limited motion, as well as the fear that moving in the wrong way will cause the shoulder to dislocate. This injury often prevents patients from participating in sports and other activities that they would otherwise enjoy.
Surgical shoulder stabilization can be performed through an arthroscopic procedure that may involve reattaching loose or torn ligaments to the joint with the use of special implants called suture anchors. These anchors are used to relocate and tighten injured structures, and then disintegrate over time. Depending on the individual patient’s joint instability, shoulder stabilization surgery can also repair tears of the biceps muscle tendon, a damaged rotator cuff, or tighten the shoulder capsule.