At Active Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, arthroscopic knee surgery is used whenever possible because it has a shorter recovery than traditional open incision knee surgery. There is also less surgical trauma to knee muscles and soft tissues and less postoperative pain. Modern surgical advancements in techniques and equipment have allowed many open incision procedures to now be performed arthroscopically.
Depending upon the specific injury, an arthroscopic approach may be used. Below are two common knee injuries that can be treated arthroscopically by the Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Specialists at Active Orthopedics and Sports Medicine.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Tear
The ACL is a strong ligament that connects the tibia (shin bone) and femur (leg bone). The ACL is responsible for stabilizing the knee because it prevents the tibia from sliding under the femur and provides rotational stability.
ACL injuries occur when a sudden force is applied to the knee. The common injury causes while walking, running, and jumping includes:
· Suddenly changing directions
· Suddenly stopping
· Landing improperly
An ACL sprain, overstretching of the ACL, can be treated with nonsurgical treatment options such as bracing and Physical Therapy.
In most cases, an arthroscopic ACL reconstruction is usually recommended for a large or complete ACL tear. During the outpatient procedure, the torn ACL is repaired using the patient’s hamstring tendons, patella tendon or a cadaver ligament may be used as the new ACL.
The entire procedure can be carried out through 2 small incisions in the knee where an arthroscope (small surgical camera) and small surgical tools are inserted. Using the camera, the knee can be seen on a large monitor and the tear can be located and repaired.
The meniscus is a piece of soft cartilage that sits on the top of the tibia and acts as a cushion or shock absorber. It allows the femur and tibia to glide against one another as the knee flexes and extends.
A meniscus tear is a common injury usually sustained while playing sports that involve squatting or twisting the knee. Most meniscus tears do not heal on their own but, in some cases, symptoms can be managed with nonsurgical treatment options.
In others, an arthroscopic meniscus repair may be recommended. During the outpatient procedure, the torn meniscus is repaired and reattached to the tibia. Similar to the ACL repair, this procedure is carried out via two small holes in the knee where an arthroscope and small surgical tools are inserted to perform the procedure.
Over the course of about 3 months, the meniscus heals and the patient is able to return to normal activities.
Make an Appointment
If you are experiencing chronic knee pain or instability, please contact our offices in Hackensack, Emerson, Elmwood Park or Montclair to make an appointment. One of our Board Certified and Fellowship Trained Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Specialists will accurately diagnose and effectively treat your injury. If surgery is needed, our specialists are New Jersey’s knee arthroscopy experts.