What is Biocartilage & Cartiform?
Microfracture was developed in the 1980s and while it has been a powerful technique to help treat cartilage defects, recent advances have led to the development of other techniques to enhance microfracture. BIOCARTILAGE is a cartilage extracellular matrix made of dehydrated allograft cartilage. This is mixed with platelet rich plasma (PRP); concentrated growth factors obtained from the patient’s own blood. This mixture of Biocartilage and PRP is placed in the cartilage defect after microfracture and sealed with fibrin glue. The Biocartilage creates a scaffold and an environment better suited for articular cartilage to form.
CARTIFORM is an osteochondrol allograft composed on cartilage cells, growth factors, and extracellular matrix proteins. This can be trimmed to size and is anchored into a prepared, full-thickness cartilage defect to promote articular cartilage formation. Both Biocartilage and Cartiform are used in conjunction with microfracture to stimulate more hyaline (articular) cartilage and less fibrocartilage (scar), which is more typical of microfracture alone. Cartiform is often used to treat somewhat larger defects than Biocartilage.