What is a Total Hip Replacement?
Do you have trouble getting up and down stairs, are unable to sleep because of pain radiating from your hip, have difficulty getting up from a seated position, or suffer from stubborn hip pain that is not alleviated by medications? If so, it is likely that your hip joint is damaged due to osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or injury. The surgeons at Active Orthopedics & Sports Medicine LLC can help relieve your pain, increase motion, and get you back to enjoying everyday activities with a TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT.
The hip is a ball and socket joint. The socket is formed by a part of the pelvis bone called the acetabulum. The ball is the head of the femur, which is at the upper end of the thigh bone. This ball and socket are covered by cartilage, a smooth tissue that cushions the ends of the bones and enables them to move easily. When the cartilage wears away or is damaged, the bones rub against each other, causing hip pain and stiffness. Total hip replacement surgery removes the damaged bone and cartilage and inserts prosthetic components to restore the hip’s alignment and function.
Our surgeons perform two types of total hip replacement procedures – the minimally invasive posterolateral approach and the minimally invasive anterior approach. Both techniques allow for rapid recovery and can be done in the outpatient setting. In a minimally invasive posterolateral approach total hip procedure, a 4 to 6-inch incision is made at the side of the hip. The surgeon dislocates the joint, removes the damaged femoral head, and places a metal stem in the center of the femur. A metal or ceramic ball, which replaces the damaged head, is placed on the upper part of the stem. The socket’s damaged cartilage surface is removed and replaced with a metal socket. To allow for a smooth, gliding surface, a plastic, metal, or ceramic spacer is inserted between the new ball and socket. The muscle and soft tissues are repaired, and the skin back together using the latest techniques in reduced tissue trauma surgery.
After surgery, a multimodal pain protocol is used to minimize pain and minimize dependency on narcotic medications. Movement, such as walking and light activity, play a key role in recovery. Using either the anterior or posterolateral approaches allow the patient to stand as soon as a few hours after surgery. Whichever procedure you undergo, a physical therapist will teach you specific exercises to strengthen your hip and restore movement to the joint.